Cấu tạo các thì trong Tiếng Anh

Cấu tạo các thì trong Tiếng Anh

Simple present

HTĐ ã Tobe : S + is/am/are .

+ S + V/VS, ES

- S + doesnt /dont + V

? Do/Does + S + V ? - Every day/month/year/

- Always, constantly, usually, often, generally, frequently, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never,

- Once/twice a week,

(thêm” ES” khi V kết thúc: s, sh, ch, o, x, z, .)

Present continuous

HTTD + S + is/am/are + Ving

- S + is/am/are + not + Ving

? Is/am/are + S + Ving ? Now, right now, at the/this moment, at this time, at present, at the present time, (today/ this week)

Know, believe, hear, see, smell, wish, understand, hate, love, like, want, sound

Simple past

QKĐ

 ã Tobe: S + was/were .

+ S + Ved/V2

- S + didnt + V

? Did + S + V ? - Yesterday (morning, afternoon, evening)

- Last week/month/year/

- ago Ex: three days ago

- In + year in the past, in the past

 

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NO.
TENSE
FORM
ADVERBS FOLLOWING
1.
Simple present
HTĐ
Tobe : S + is/am/are ...
+ S + V/VS, ES 
- S + doesn’t /don’t + V 
? Do/Does + S + V  ?
- Every day/month/year/
- Always, constantly, usually, often, generally, frequently, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never,
- Once/twice a week, 
(thêm” ES” khi V kết thúc: s, sh, ch, o, x, z, ...)
2.
Present continuous
HTTD
+ S + is/am/are + Ving 
- S + is/am/are + not + Ving 
? Is/am/are + S + Ving  ?
Now, right now, at the/this moment, at this time, at present, at the present time, (today/ this week) 
Know, believe, hear, see, smell, wish, understand, hate, love, like, want, sound
3.
Simple past
QKĐ
Tobe: S + was/were ...
+ S + Ved/V2 
- S + didn’t + V 
? Did + S + V  ?
- Yesterday (morning, afternoon, evening)
- Last week/month/year/
- ago Ex: three days ago
- In + year in the past, in the past
4.
Past continuous
QKTD
+ S + was/were + Ving....
- S + was/were + not + Ving 
? Was/were + S + Ving ?
- At this time yesterday, at 7.00 last week
- At that time, then
- When, while
5.
Present perfect
HTHT
+ S + has/have + P.P...
- S + has/have + not + P.P ...
? Has/have + S + P.P ... ?
- Since + a point of time, for + a period of time
- Yet, ever, never, already, recently, lately, just, before, ...
- So far, until now, up to now, up to the present time
6.
Present perfect
continuous
HTHTTD
+ S + has/have + been + Ving ...
- S +has/have+ not + been + Ving ...
? Has/have + S + been + Ving ... ?
Since + a point of time, for + a period of time, up to now
(thường dựng với V chỉ hoạt động: run, learn, teach, work, rain, sleep, wait, stand, sit, try, 
7.
Past pefect
QKHT
+ S + had + P.P 
- S + had + not + P.P ...
? Had + S + P.P ... ?
- After + QKHT, QKĐ
- QKHT, before/by the time QKĐ
- Before/by + time in the past Ex: before 6 p.m last night
8.
Past pefect
continuous
QKHTTD
+ S + had + been + Ving ...
- S + had + not + been + Ving ...
? Had + S + been + Ving ...?
 since + a point of time (before) QKĐ
 for + a period of time
(thường dựng với V chỉ hoạt động: run, learn, teach, work, rain, sleep, wait, stand, sit, try, )
9.
Simple future
TLĐ
+ S + will + V ...
- S + will + not + V ...
? Will + S + V ... ?
- Tomorrow (morning, afternoon, evening)
- Next week/month/year/...
- In 2 hours, in a few minutes/some days/
- Some day, soon
10.
Future continuous
TLTD
+ S + will + be + Ving ...
- S + will + not + be + Ving ...
? Will + S + be + Ving ...?
- At this time tomorrow, at 8.00 a.m next Monday
- When
11.
Future perfect
TLHT
+ S + will + have + P.P 
- S + will + not + have + P.P 
? Will + S + have + P.P  ?
- Before/by + time in the future Ex: by next year
- TLHT, before/by the time + HTĐ
Future perfect
continuous
TLHTTD
+ S + will + have + been + Ving ...
- S +will+not+have+been + Ving ... Will + S + have + been + Ving ... ?
(since/for)  before/by + time in the future 
TLHTTD, before/by the time + HTĐ
(thường dựng với V chỉ hoạt động: run, learn, teach, work, rain, sleep, wait, stand, sit, try, )
12.
Modal verbs
S + can/could/may/might/must/ have to/be going to/ ought to... + V
I.Passive voice (câu bị động)
1.Hiện tại dơn :
S + is/am/are + P.P + by + O
2.Quá khứ đơn :
S + was/were + P.P + .........
3.ĐTKT (Can, could, will, may, might, must, have to...)
S + ĐTKT + be + P.P..........
4.Hiện tại tiếp diễn :
S + is/am/are + being + P.P......
5.Quá khứ tiếp diễn :
S + was/were + being + P.P .....
6.Hiện tại hoàn thành :
S + has/have + been + P.P........
II.GERUND (Danh động từ) Like, dislike, love, enjoy, hate, mind, start, stop, finish, keep, avoid, forget, miss, 
suggest, .....+ Ving
 -Giới từ (with, without, by, in, for, after, before........) + Ving
 -Used to
S + used to + V :đã từng làm gì
S + to be + used to + Ving : thường làm gì
III.Wish :( câu ước muốn )
	1.Wish about present (ước muốn về hiện tại)
EX : I wish I were taller. /She wishes she were a teacher.
 We wish we had a lot of money.
 They wish they didn’t have to go to school this Sunday.
S1 + wish (es, .) + S2 + were /Vquá khứ ....
	2.Wish about future (ước muốn về tương lai )
EX : He wishes he would go to Lon Don next year./ I wish I could play volleyball.
S1 + wish (es/..) + S2 + would /could + V .........
Forms of verb ( các dạng của động từ)
To-infinitive : (nguyên thể có “to” ) 
S + ask/want/advise/tell/request.........+ O + to +V.....
 2.Bare-infinitive :(nguyên thể không “to”)
S + make/have/let/help.........+ O + V......
 3. Ving 
 Like, enjoy, hate, mind, start, stop, finish, keep, avoid, forget, miss, .....+ Ving
 4.Giới từ (with, without, by, in, for, after, before........) + Ving
 5.Used to
S + used to + V :đã từng làm gì
S + to be + used to + Ving : thường làm gì

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