Passive Voice

Passive Voice

Exercise 1: Choose the best answer by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D

1/ The manager insisted .me a position in the company.

A. for offering B. on offering C. in offer D. on offer

2/ The flight attendant reminded the man that smoking there.

 A. was not allowed B. is not allowed C. not to allow D. not allow

3/ The little boy begged the lady .some soup.

 A. give B. gives C. giving D. to give

4/ They invited me . the weekend with them.

 A. spends B. spend C. to spend D. spending

5/ He reminded me . the letter.

 A. post B. to post C. posting D. to posting

6/ I warned Jim . playing with the snakes.

 A. for B. in C. of D. against

 

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PASSIVE VOICE
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C, or D 
1/ The manager insisted .me a position in the company.
A. for offering B. on offering C. in offer D. on offer
2/ The flight attendant reminded the man that smokingthere.
	A. was not allowed B. is not allowed C. not to allow D. not allow
3/ The little boy begged the lady ..some soup.
	A. give B. gives C. giving D. to give
4/ They invited me ........... the weekend with them.
	A. spends B. spend C. to spend D. spending
5/ He reminded me .......... the letter.
	A. post B. to post C. posting D. to posting
6/ I warned Jim .............. playing with the snakes.
	A. for B. in C. of D. against
7/ Mary apologized for ................. him earlier.
	A. not phoning B. not phone C. not to phone D. not to phoning
8/ She advised him..................harder.
	A. to study B. to studying C. study D. studying
9/ My mother asked me ..............the window.
	A. open B. opening C. to opening D. to open
10/ Susan insisted on ............ Mary to the beach.
	A. drive B. driving C. to drive D. to driving
11/ Huong congratulated me on .............. the entrance exam.
	A. to pass B. to passing C. passing D. passed
12/ Mr Smith thanked Linda............. inviting him to the party.
	A. for B. of C. on D. to
13/ Mary refused ........... me any more money.
	A. to lend B. to lending C. lend D. lending
14/ The teacher told his studentsall the homework before they .to class.
	A. do/ come B. to do/ come C. to do/ came D. do/ came
15/ The supervisor apologized
	A. for be late B. for being late C. on being late D. on be late. 
16/ The father told his son..his time games all day.
A. not to waste/ play B. not to waste/playing C. not waste/play D.not waste/ playing
17/ The lecturer told the students not to hesitate to ask if they .a question.
	A. have B. has C. to have D. had
18/ My mother advised me .hope.
	A. not lose B. not to lose C. not losing D. not to losing
19/ She said she would visit me .
	A. following day B. the next day C. tomorrow D. next day 
20/ He said he.. a busy day.
	A. had had B. have had C. did have D. has had.
Exercise 2: Choose the correct answer to complete the sentences.
1. America __________ By Columbus in 1492.
A. are discovered B. were discovering C. is discovered D. was discovere
2. Parrots and crows __________ The most intelligent birds.
A. were considering	B. are considered	C. Considered D. was considered
3. I still can’t believe! My bicycle __________ last night.
	A. was stolen	B. was stealing	C. were stolen	D. stole
4. Mary traffic accidents __________ by dangerous driving.
	A. cause B. caused C. are caused D. which are caused.
5. Many US automobiles __________ in Detroit, Michigan.
A. manufacture B. are manufactured C. have manufactured D. are manufacturing
6. Grass __________ by fat cows on the green meadow
A. are eaten B. was being eaten C. were being eat D. was been eaten
7. So much progress __________ That there may be space-frights to Mars
A. is being made B. are being made C. will be made D. will being made
8. Many people believe we can look forward to the day when even our household jobs like cleaning and decorating__________ by computer-control robots.
A. will be doing B. are being done C. would be done D. will be done.
9. English __________since 2002.
A. have been learned	B. has been learnt 	C. has to learn	D. have to learn
10. Your bill should __________ before you leave the hotel.
A. be paid	B. is paid	C. are paid	D. was paid	
Exercise 3: Choose the underlined word or phrase or phrase in each sentence that need correcting.
1. The new school will be open soon by the local government
	 A B C D
2. This machine have to be repaired
 A B C D
3. Several people have been bitten on the dog
 A B C D
 4. A new hospital is being build in town
 A B C D
 5. The man were being questioned by the police then.
 A B C D
PASSIVE VOICE
Exercise 1: Change these sentences into Passive voice
1 Tom delivers the mail every day .
2. Mr. John manages the export division
3The teacher corrects our exercises.. 
4.Somebody calls the president every day 
5.Where do people speak English ? .
6. Weeds cover the riverbank.........................................................................................
7. They use milk for making butter and cheese......................................................................
8. People speak English in almost every corner of the world ..........................................................
9. People spend a lot of money on advertising everyday ................................................................
10. No one believes his story...........................................................................................
11 Fire destroyed that house ................................................................................
12.The students attended the lecture ..............................................................................
13.The movie disappointed us very much ...............................................................................
14.The police easily captured the thief ............................................................................... 
15.John returned the money last night .........................................................................
16.  Smoke filled the room.........................................................................
17. Bob took that book from the desk.........................................................................
18.They started a dancing class last week.........................................................................
19. Mr. Smith saw the accident.........................................................................
20. The teacher returned our written work to us.........................................................................
21.For the time being, Alice is teaching that group 	
22.John is calling the other members 	
23.The company is developing a new procedure 	
24.Who are they keeping in the kitchen?
25.What books are people reading this year ?
26. Nam is milking the cows. 
27. My father is washing the car. 
28. Sheila is drinking a cup of tea. 
29. Mary is cutting the cake with sharp knife.................	
30. The mailman is delivering the mail now
31.Martha was delivering the documents to the department 	
32.A french architect was designing the palace
33.Mr Brown was writing the report at 8 p.m yesterday
34. Who was painting those windows.?
35. The chef engineer was instructing all the workers of the plant
36. They were not eating dinner. 
37. We were painting the gate. 
 38. You were not driving him home. 
39. He was feeding the dogs. 
40. Was she reading these lines?.
41. Beth has finished the report ................................................................................
42. Somebody has taken my briefcase ..............................................................................
43. She has finished the report at noon ..............................................................................
44. The police have arrested five suspects ..............................................................................
45. Kerrie has paid the bill. .............................................................................. 
46. I have eaten a hamburger. ..............................................................................
47. I have opened the present...............................................................................
48. They have not read the book. ..............................................................................
49. You have not sent the parcel. .............................................................................
50. Has she phoned ...............................................................................................
51.The delegates had received the information before the recess .........................................................
52. He had finished his home work before she came..............................................................................
53. They had written the passage...............................................................................
54. They had planted trees..............................................................................
55. I know that they had told him of the meeting..............................................................................
56. They had started a fight. ..............................................................................
57. I had not closed the window. ..............................................................................
58. They had not bought the paper. ..............................................................................
59. Had she solved the problem? –..............................................................................
60. John will receive the papers tomorrow................................................................
61. Somebody will call Mr. Watson tonight 	
62. Barbara will eat the cake ................................................................................
63. They will build a new bridge near my house next year.................................................................................
64. They will widen the road to our village.................................................................................
65. They will hold the meeting before May Day................................................................................
66. Jane will buy a new computer. ................................................................................
67. Millions of people will visit the museum. ................................................................................
68. Our boss will sign the contract. ................................................................................
69.They will not ask him. ................................................................................
70. John is going to call the other members 	
71. The company is going to develop a new procedure 	
72. The students are going to plant trees here.......................................................................................	
73. My mother is going to sell this house...................................................................................	
74. They are going to decorate the room next week................................................................	
75. She is going to tell a story	
76. The teacher is going to give a lesson	
77. They are going to buy a new car next month.	
78.How can they open this safe?
79.You ought to water these plants once a week.
80.They may discuss the problems again ... e.
 B. He didn’t hope to find his car.
 C. A&B
3. I had her sweep the floor yesterday.
 A. I had the floor sweep yesterday.
 B. The floor had swept yesterday.
 C. I had the floor swept yesterday.
4. I got her to sweep the floor yesterday.
 A. I got the floor sweep yesterday.
 B. I got the floor swept yesterday.
 C. A&B
5. Don’t open your book.
 A. Don’t let your book be opened.
 B. Don’t let the book open.
 C. I don’t open the book.
6. Don’t do exercise.
 A. I hate exercise.
 B. Don’t let exercise be done.
 C. A&B
7. I persuaded everyone to repair the car.
 A. I persuaded the car to be repaired.
 B. I should persuade everyone to repair the car.
 C. The car should be repaired.
8. I got him to do exercise yesterday.
 A. I got exercise do yesterday.
 B. I got exercise done yesterday.
 C. A&B
9. I had her do exercise yesterday. 
 A. I had exercise done yesterday.
 B. I had exercise doing.
 C. I have exercise yesterday.
10. He didn’t expect her to do his housework. 
 A. She didn’t expect him do his exercise.
 B. He has his homework.
 C. He didn’t expect his homework to be done.
I. Đổi sang câu bị động
   1. Did your friend mail that letter?
   2. Has Nina finished the work?
   3. Did he speak about tropical countries in the world?
   4. Had your sister cleaned the floor when I came?
   5. Does he make bad chocolate cake?
   6. Must you post this letter?
   7. Have you taken my book?
   8. Can you clean the house?
   9. Does he steal my ruler?
   10. Does your friend buy this house?
II. Đổi sang câu bị động
    1. Where do you find the box?
    2. Who wrote this report?
    3. When does your friend buy this house?
    4. Why do you clean the house?
    5. Which books do you prefer?
    6. Who did the homework?
    7. When did Sam repair my car?
    8. When did you steal my pencil case?
    9. Who finished the report?
    10. When did your mother mail that letter?
III. Đổi sang câu bị động
     1. I clean the floor every day.
     2. He saw a lion at the circus last week.
     3. Sam and Nina told me this story.
     4. I opened the door.
     5. Your children ate this cake.
     6. I have finished the report.
     7. They had looked after this child when I came.
     8. My father made this decision.
     9. No one can do it.
     10. Someone must send this report.
IV. Đổi sang câu chủ động
     1. That movie has never seen by my father.
     2. The book has not been finished.
     3. Has snake meat been eaten by Nina?
     4. The department was being cleaned by Sam when you called.
     5. While the report was being written by Nina, Tom was looking for the key.
     6. A present was sent to her.
     7. This car was bought by my father.
     8. The letter is typed by my sister everyday.
     9. Is the key found by your mother?
     10. Where is the key found by your mother?
Bị Động Của Thì 
Eg: - Marry redecorated the living room yesterday. 
....................................................................................
The police have caught two wanted murders. 
...................................................................................
You should make tea with hot water. 
....................................................................................
Note:
Các chủ ngữ I, we, you, they, he, she, one, everyone, no one, people trong câu chủ động thường được bỏ đi trong câu bị động.
Eg: - No one swept this street yesterday. 
 ..........................................................................................
Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn + By O + Trạng từ chỉ thời gian
Eg: Marry put the vase of flowers on the table yesterday.
...........................................................................................
Trạng từ thể cách (trạng từ) đứng giữa “BE” và “V3/ed”
Eg: Scientists have studied this problem carefully.
...........................................................................................
* Cách chuyển đổi bị động của câu hỏi Yes/No-question và câu hỏi Wh-question:
Câu hỏi Yes/No-question
Eg: Did Mary buy this beautiful dress?
 Xác định thì: QKĐ
 Chuyển câu gốc thành câu khẳng định (S + V + O)
è Marry bought this beautiful dress.
Đổi câu khẳng định mới vừa chuyển thành câu bị động theo thì
è This beautiful dress was bought by Marry.
Từ câu bị động mới vừa chuyển è câu hỏi
è Was this beautiful dress bought by Marry?
Eg: Have the thieves stolen the most valuable painting in the national museum?
...............................................................................................................................
Are you going to repair those shoes?
...............................................................................................................................
Câu hỏi Wh-question
Eg: When did your father buy a new computer?
 Xác định thì: QKĐ
 Chuyển câu gốc thành câu khẳng định (S - V - O)
è Your father bought a new computer.
Đổi câu khẳng định mới vừa chuyển thành câu bị động theo thì
è A new computer was bought by your father.
Từ câu bị động mới vừa chuyển è câu hỏi đảo ngữ (V – S – O)
è was a new computer bought by your father?
Ghi lại từ để hỏi (wh-) vào câu vừa đổi
è When was a new computer bought by your father?
Why do people speak English all over the world?
...............................................................................................................................
Bị Động của câu có 2 túc từ
People say/said that + S + V + O (chủ động)
It is/was said that + S + V + O to + V-inf + O (cùng thì) 
S + am/is/are/was/were + said + to have + V(3/ed) + O (khác thì)
Eg: They said that he was a kind doctor.
è ..............................................................................
è ..............................................................................
Note: Các động từ được dùng như say/said: know, think, believe, rumour, hope, expect, suppose 
Eg: - People believe (that) he was a thief.
è ............................................................................
è ............................................................................
* Cùng thì: HT – HT/ QK –QK/ HT – TL
* Khác thì: HT – QK/ QK – HT/ QK – TL
Bị Động Của Động Từ Có Hai Tân Ngữ (Verb of two objects)
Loại động từ cần có giới từ “TO”: send, show, lend, promise, hand, pay, read, throw, wish, offer.
Give s.o s.th = Give s.th To s.o
Tặng cho ai cái gì = Tặng cái gì cho ai
Eg: Harry gave me a new watch yesterday = .....................................................................
 .....................................................................................................
......................................................................................................
Loại động từ cần có giới từ “FOR”: buy, get, make, do, save 
Buy s.o s.th = Buy s.th For s.o
Mua cho ai cái gì = Mua cái gì cho ai
Eg: Susan bought an English book for Tom = ....................................................................
.....................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................
Bị Động Thể Nhờ Vả
Have s.o do s.th (nhờ ai đó làm gì)
Have s.th done by s.o
Get s.o to do s.th (nhờ ai đó làm gì)
Get s.th done by s.o
Eg: 
I had my assistant type the report. 
I had the report typed by my assistant.
I will have my lawyer look into it. 
I will have it looked into by my laywer.
Peter got a technician to repair his television. 
Peter got his television reapaired by a technician.
* Lưu ý: Hai công thức bị động thể nhờ vả trên còn được dùng trong trường hợp diễn tả sự việc diễn ra không tốt đẹp. 
Eg: - John had all his money stolen from his hotel bedroom.
I had my house destroyed by tornado yesterday. 
We got our car damaged by a falling tree.
I got my nose broken by playing rugby.
Bị Động Với Động Từ “Make” và “Let”
Make s.o do s.th (buộc ai đó làm gì)
s.o be made to do s.th
Let s.o do s.th (cho phép ai đó làm gì)
s.o be allowed to do s.th 
Eg: 
The manager made all the employees work over the night at the weekend.
All the employees were made to work over the night by the manager at the weekend.
She lets her son play computer game on Sunday afternoon. 
Her son is allowed to play computer game on Sunday afternoon.
Bị động theo sau là To V-inf (hope/warn...) hoặc V-ing (like/star/begin...)
Active
Passive
Verb + to V-inf
Verb + to be + V-3/ed
Verb + V-ing
Verb + being + V-3/ed
Verb + to have + V-3/ed
Verb + to have been + V-3/ed
Verb + having + V-3/ed
Verb + having been + V-3/ed
Eg: 
I wanted them to tell the story again.
I wanted the story to be told again by them.
She canceled her calls because she avoided being disturbed. 
She forgot having been given a big sum of money that day. 
I want these dishes to have been washed when I come back.
He dislikes .................what to do. (dislike/like + V-ing)
people tell him B. being told C. to be told D. they telling him
Bị động với động từ chỉ giác quan
Các động từ chỉ giác quan: see, watch, hear, smell, taste....
Active
Passive
Verb + O + V-inf
O + be + V-3/ed + to V-inf
Verb + O + V-ing
O + be + V-3/ed + V-ing
Eg: - They saw the man run away. è The man was seen to run away.
They saw the man running away. è The man was seen running away.
Bị động với động từ “NEED”
Active (chủ động)ur dihu
Passive
Need + to V-inf
Need + to be + V-3/ed
Need + V-ing
Eg: - You need to water flowers. 
Flowers need watering/to be watered. 
.......................................................................................
Marry needs to paint her house.
Marry’s house needs painting/to be painted.
.......................................................................................
Bị động với các động từ sau:
S1 + Advise/Suggest/Recommend... that + S2 +should + V-inf + O (active)
S1 + Advise/Suggest/Recommend... that + S2 + should + be + V-3/ed + O (passive)
Eg: - They recommended that a hotel .............. on the edge of the lake.
should be built B. must be built C. was built D. could build 
Bị Động Với Câu Hỏi Đuôi (Tag Question)
Eg: - David broke the windows yesterday, didn’t he?
The windows were broken by David yesterday, were not/weren’t they?
Marry put the vase of flowers on the table yesterday, didn’t she?
The vase of flowers was put on the table by Marry yesterday, wasn’t it?
Bị Động Với Công Thức
It is/was + Adj (important / necessary /impossible...) + to Inf + O
It is/was + Adj (important/ necessary / impossible...) + for +O + to be + V3/ed
Eg: - It is very necessary to solve this problem. 
It is very necessary for this problem to be solved. 
It is impossible to mix two this components. 
It is impossible for two this components to be mixed.

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