Đề kiểm tra môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 10 - Chủ đề: Động từ trái nghĩa (Có đáp án)

Đề kiểm tra môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 10 - Chủ đề: Động từ trái nghĩa (Có đáp án)

Câu 1: He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime.

A. complain B. exchange C. explain D. arrange

Câu 2: The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.

A. effects B. symptoms C. hints D. demonstrations

Câu 3: I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic.

A. reasonable B. acceptable C. pretty high D. wonderful

Câu 4: I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.

A. hopeless B. hopeful C. successful D. unsuccessful

Câu 5: Carpets from countries such as Persia and Afghanistan often fetch high prices in the United States.

A. Artifacts B. Pottery C. Rugs D. Textiles

Câu 6: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant hinkers to recognize their potential.

 

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BÀI TẬP ĐỘNG TỪ TRÁI NGHĨA CÓ ĐÁP ÁN
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to
 the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 1: He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime.
A. complain 	B. exchange 	C. explain 	D. arrange
Câu 2: The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.
A. effects 	B. symptoms 	C. hints 	D. demonstrations
Câu 3: I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic.
A. reasonable 	B. acceptable 	C. pretty high 	D. wonderful
Câu 4: I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.
A. hopeless 	B. hopeful 	C. successful 	D. unsuccessful
Câu 5: Carpets from countries such as Persia and Afghanistan often fetch high prices in the United States.
A. Artifacts	 B. Pottery 	C. Rugs 	D. Textiles
Câu 6: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant hinkers to recognize their potential.
A. accidents 	B. misunderstandings 	C. incidentals 	D. misfortunes
Câu7:The shopassistant was totally bewildered by the customer's behavior. 
A. disgusted B. puzzled C. angry D.upset 
Câu8:He didn't bat an eyelid when he realized he failed the exam again. 
A.wasn't happy B.didn't want to see C.didn't show surprise D.didn't care 
Câu9:RalphNader was the most prominent leader of theU.S consumer protection movement. 
A. casual B. significant C. promiscuous D.aggressive 
Câu10:Tourists today flock to see the two falls that actually constitute Niagarafalls. 
A.come without knowing what they will see 	B.come in large numbers 
C.come out of boredom 	D.come by plane 
Câu11:Around 150 B.C. the Greek astronomer Hipparchus developed a system to classify stars according to brightness. 
A. record 	B. shine 	 C. categorize 	 D.diversify 
Câu12:She is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students. 
A. strict B. outspoken C. firm D.tactful 
Câu13:Roget's Thesaurus , a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas They express rather than by alphabetical order. 
A. restricted B.aswellas C. unless D.insteadof 
Câu14:With the dawn of space exploration,the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique In the solar system was strengthened. 
A. outcome	 B. continuation 	 C. beginning D.expansion 
Câu15:Let's wait here for her; I'm sure she'll turn up before long. 
A. arrive B. return C. enter D.visit 
Câu16:This tape stry has a very complicated pattern. 
A. obsolete B. intricate C. ultimate D.appropriate 
Câu17:During the Great Depression, there were many wanderers who traveled on the railroads and 
Camped along the tracks. 
A. veterans B. tyros C. vagabonds D.zealots 
Câu18:We decided to pay for the furniture on the installment plan. 
A. monthly payment B.cash and carry 	C. credit card D.piece by piece 
Câu19:The last week of classes is always very busy because students are taking examinations, making applications to the University, and extending their visas. 
A. hectic	 B. eccentric 	C. fanatic 	D.prolific 
Câu20:The drought was finally over as the fall brought in some welcome rain. 
A. heatware 	B. harvest 	C. summer 	D.aridity 
Câu21:When their rent increased from 200 to 400 a month, they protested against such a tremendous 
increase. 
A. light B. huge C. tiring D.difficult 
Câu22: In1952,Akihito was officially proclaimed heir to the Japanese throne.
A. installed 	B. declared 	C. denounced 	D. advised
Câu23: The augmentation in the population has created a fuel shortage.
A. increase 	B. necessity 	C. demand 	D. decrease
Câu 24: If we had taken his sage advice, we wouldn’t be in so much trouble now.
A. willing 	B. sturdy 	C. wise 	D. eager
Câu 25: A mediocre student who gets low grades will have trouble getting into an Ivy League college.
A. average	 B. lazy 	C. moronic	 D. diligent
Câu 26: The politician’s conviction for tax fraud jeopardized his future in public life.
A. rejuvenated B. penalized C. jettisoned D. endangered
Câu 27: This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate. 
A. situation 	B. attention 	C. place 	D. matter
Câu 28: He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual
meeting in May.
A. politeness 	B. rudeness 	C. encouragement 	D. measurement
A. lễ phép 	B. thô lỗ 	C. khuyến khích	 D. đo lường
Câu 29: Parents interpret facial and vocal expressions as indicators of how a baby is feeling.
A. translate 	B. understand 	C. read 	D. comprehend
Câu 30: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.
A. disrespectful	 	B. regardless 	C. considering 	D. in spite
Câu 31: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.
A. at stake 	B. at will 	C. at once 	D. at hand
Câu 32: Have you ever read about a famous general in Chinese history who was very incredulous?
A. unimaginable 	B. excellent 	C. incredible 	D. skeptical
Câu 33: The organization has the authority to manage and regulate new and existing free trade agreements, to supervise world trade practices and to settle trade disputes among member states.
A. prolong 	B. strengthen 	C. reconcile 	D. augment
Câu 34: With its various activities, the Camp has set up a stronger regional identity by raising youth’s
awareness of Southeast Asia’s history and heritage.
A. heredity 	B. tradition 	C. endowment 	D. bequest
Câu 35: All the presentations and activities at the ASEAN Youth in January 2006 Camp echoed that theme named “Water and the Arts”.
reflected B. mentioned C. illustrated D. remembered
Câu 36: As a government official, Benjamin Franklin often traveled abroad.
A. widely B. secretly C. alone D. overseas
Câu 37: American poet James Merrily received critical acclaim for his work entitled Jim's Book.
A. advice 	B. disapproval 	C. praise D. attention
Câu 38: The lost hikers stayed alive by eating wild berries and drinking spring water.
A. connived B. survived C. surprised D. revived
Câu 39: During the earthquake, a lot of buildings collapsed, which killed thousands of people.
A. went off accidentally 	B. fell down unexpectedly
C. exploded suddenly	 D. erupted violently
Câu 40: My mom is always bad-tempered when I leave my room untidy.
A. feeling embarrassed 	B. talking too much
C. very happy and satisfied 	D. easily annoyed or irritated
Câu 41: Smoking has been banned in public places in some countries.
A. made illegal 	B. limited 	C. restricted 	D. given way
Câu 42: Sometimes when I hear the news, I feel very miserable.
A. confused 	B. frightened	 C. upset 	D. disappointed
Câu 43: A woman had a narrow escape when the car came round the corner.
A. was hurt B. was nearly hurt C. ran away D. bumped into the car
Câu 44: The rocket steepened its ascent.
A. descent B. decent C. decant D. dissent
Câu 45: The plane landed safely.
A. touched down 	B. took off 	C. Both A and B	 D. Neither A nor B
Câu 46: There was nothing they could do but leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down.
A. except 	B. instead of 	C. than 	D. unless
Câu 47: The boy was brought up with a family in the countryside.
A. reared 	B. bred 	C. raised 	D. grown
Câu 48: Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
A. leave 	B. stop	 C. sell 	D. hide
Câu 49: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.10
A. disrespectful 	B. regardless 	C. considering 	D. in spite
Câu 50: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.
A. at stake	B. at will	 C. at once 	D. at hand
Câu 51: Have you ever read about a famous general in Chinese history who was very incredulous?
A. unimaginable B. excellent C. incredible D. skeptical
Câu 52: The air conditioner Mary has just bought is very hard to use.
A. boring 	B. difficult 	C. simple 	D. easy
Câu 53: Let's wait here for her; I'm sure she'll turn up before long.
A. return 	B. arrive 	C. visit 	D. enter
Câu 54: The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-
informed.
A. popular B. suspicious C. easily seen D. beautiful
Câu 55: I think we have solved this problem once and for all.
A. forever 	B. for goods	 C. temporarily	 D. in the end10
Câu56: The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes helped pave the way for academic freedom in the modern sense.
A. terminate 	B. prevent 	C. initiate 	D. lighten
Câu 57: E-cash cards are the main means of all transactions in a cashless society.
A. cash-starved 	B. cash-strapped 	C. cash-in-hand 	D. cash-free
Câu 58: Many scientists agree that global warming poses great threats to all species on Earth.
A. risks 	B. annoyances 	C. fears 	D. irritations
Câu 59: I think the medicine is beginning to wear off.
A. stop being effective 	B. take effect
C. be put in a bottle 	D. be swallowed
Câu 60: "What I've got to say to you now is strictly off the record and most certainly not for publication," said the government official to the reporter.
A. beside the point 	B. not recorded 	C. not popular 	D. not yet official
Câu 61: A lack of qualifications can be a major obstacle to finding a job.
A. impediment 	B. encouragement	 C. impetus 	D. assistance
Câu 62: The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.
A. effects B. symptoms C. hints D. demonstrations
Câu 63: The warranty guaranteed that all defective parts would be replaced without charge.
A. imperfect B. dorsal C. lost D. unused
Câu 64: The music is what makes the movie so memorable.
A. incredible B. unforgettable C. eventful D. remarkable
Câu 65: Mountain people of adjoining nations have great deal in common because terrain and climate mould their lives similarly.
A. friendly B. distant C. neighboring D. developing
Câu 66: We have lived there for years and grown fond of the surroundings. That is why we do not want to leave.
A. planted many trees in the surroundings	B. haunted by the surroundings
C. loved the surroundings	D. possessed by the surroundings
Câu 67: His new work has enjoyed a very good review from critics and readers.
A. viewing 	B. regard 	C. look 	D. opinion
Câu 68: Such problems as haste and inexperience are a universal feature of youth.
A. marked B. shared C. hidden D. separated
Câu 69: The doctor was sued for bad treatment.
A. mistreatment 	B. malpractice	 C. misdemeanour 	D. maltreatment
Câu70: Laws on military service since 1960 still hold good.
A. is in good condition 	B. remains for good
C. stands in life 	D. remains in effect
Câu 71: In astronomy, a scale of magnitude from one to six denotes the brightness of astar.
A. signifies B. predicts C. contrasts D. examines
Câu 72: Don’t you ever mention that matter again. I will not hear anything of it.
A. touch on	 B. put off	 C. take in 	D. go on
Câu 73: It was too late to stop the panic that had resulted from the false news report.
A. enthralled 	B. ensured	C. ensued 	D. entailed
Câu 74: The newscaster gave a concise account of the strategy.
A. complicated and intricate 	B. short and clear
C. sad and depressing 	D. long and detailed20
Câu 75: Married couples can get a divorce if they find they are not compatible.
A. able to share an apartment or house 	B. able to budget their money
C. capable of living harmoniously 	D. capable of having children
Câu76: Fruit is customarily treated with sulfur prior to drying to reduce any color change.
A. previous to 	B. at the time of 	C. in front of 	D. subsequent to
Câu 77: There is no thing to make it likely or certain that he will be at the party.
A. proof 	B. promise 	C. guarantee 	D. fact
Câu 78: The dog is not well. We have to take it to see the person who treats sick animals.
A. zoologist B. horticulturist 	C. veterinarian 	D. veteran
Câu 79: In Africa, many children die from not having enough food.
A. poverty 	B. starvation 	C. drought 	D. malnutrition
Câu 80: Give me a not long account of what happened.
A. compact 	B. terse 	C. brief 	D. condensed
Câu 81: The three-year-old boy has a cycle with three wheels.
A. tricycle 	B. unicycle 	C. bicycle 	D. motorcycle
Câu 82: The cotton gin was commonplace on many nineteenth century farms.
A. often required 	B. sorely needed 	C. frequently seen 	D. visibly absent
Câu 83: In the field of artificial intelligence, scientists study methods for developing computer programs that display aspects of intelligent behavior.
A. exhibit 	B. classify 	C. depend on 	D. conform to
Câu84: She lost her temper with a customer and shouted at him.
A. had a temperature 	B. kept her temper 	C. became very angry 	D. felt worried
II: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is
 OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
 	Câu 1: Because Jack defaulted on his loan, the bank took him to court.
A. failed to pay 	B. paid in full 	C. had a bad personality 	D. was paid much money
Câu 2: His career in the illicit drug trade ended with the police raid this morning .
A. elicited 	B. irregular 	C. secret 	D. legal
Câu 3: The government is not prepared to tolerate this situation any longer.
A. look down on 	B. put up with 	C. take away from 	D. give on to
Câu4: I clearly remember talking to him in a chance meeting last summer.
A. unplanned 	B. deliberate 	C. accidental 	D. unintentional
Câu5:The International Organizations are going to be in a temporary way in the country. 
A. soak B. permanent C. complicated D.guess 
Câu6:The US troops are using much more sophisticated weapons in the Far East. 
A. expensive B. complicated C.simpleandeasy touse D.difficulttooperate 
Câu7:In remote communities, it's important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in. 
A. remake B. empty C. refill D.repeat 
Câu8:There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned. 
A. clear B. obvious C. thin D.insignificant 
Câu 9: She had a cozy little apartment in Boston.
A. uncomfortable	 B. warm 	C. lazy	 D. dirty
Câu 10: He was so insubordinate that he lost his job within a week.
A. fresh 	B. disobedient 	C. obedient 	D. understanding
Câu 11: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
A. ease 	B. attraction 	C. consideration 	D. speculation
Câu12: Fruit and vegetables grew in abundance on the island. The islanders even exported the surplus.
A. large quantity 	B. small quantity 	C. excess	 D. sufficiency
Câu 13: During the five- decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects.
A. holding at 	B. holding back	C. holding to 	D. holding by
Câu 14: The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
A. explicit	B. implicit 	C. Obscure	 D. odd
Câu 15: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work.
A. uncomfortable 	B. responsive 	C. calm 	D. miserable
Câu 16: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
A. restrain 	B. stay unchanged 	C. remain unstable 	D. fluctuate
Câu 17: Unless the two signatures are identical, the bank won’t honor the check.
A. similar 	. different 	C. fake 	D. genuine
Câu 18: Strongly advocating health foods, Jane doesn’t eat any chocolate.
A. supporting 	B. impugning 	C. advising 	D. denying
Câu 19: It was apparent from her face that she was really upset.
A. obvious B. indistinct C. transparent D. evident
Câu 20: My cousin tends to look on the bright side in any circumstance.
A. be optimistic 	B. be pessimistic 	C. be confident 	D. be smart
Câu 21: There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned.
A. insignificant B. clear C. obvious D. thin
Câu 22: He decided not to buy the fake watch and wait until he had more money.
A. authentic 	B. forger	 C. faulty 	D. original
Câu 23: Her father likes the head cabbage rare.
A. over-boiled	 B. precious 	C. scarce 	D. scare
Câu 24: There are several different kinds of faults in reading which are usually more exaggerated with foreign learners.
A. overestimated 	B. understated 	C. overemphasized 	D. undertaken
Câu 25: Whatever the activity level, all types of hobbies can require high levels of expertise.
A. incapable 	B. incompetence 	C. expertness 	D. skillfulness
Câu 26: We offer a speedy and secure service of transferring money in less than 24 hours.
A. uninterested 	B. unsure 	C. slow 	D. open
Câu 27: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
A. ease B. attraction C. consideration D. speculation
Câu 28: Solar energy is not only plentiful but also infinite.
A. without limit B. boundless C. limited D. indefinite
Câu 29: His replies were inconsistent with his previous testimony.
A. contradicted B. compatible C. enhanced D. incorporated
Câu 30: We are now a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours.
A. an active society	 B. an inactive society
C. a physical society 	D. a working society
Câu 31: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work.
A. uncomfortable 	B. responsive 	C. calm 	D. miserable
Câu 32: We'd better speed up if we want to get there in time.
A. slow down 	B. turn down	C. put down 	D. lie down
Câu 33: She is a very generous old woman. She has given most of her wealth to a charity organization.
A. mean 	B. amicable 	C. kind 	D. hospitable
Câu34: Her thoughtless comments made him very angry.
A. honest 	B. kind 	C. pleasant 	D. thoughtful
Câu 35: We left New York when I was six, so my recollections of it are rather faint.
A. explicable B. unintelligible C. clear D. ambiguous
Câu 36: My first impression of her was her impassive face
A. emotional B. respectful C. solid D. fractious
Câu 37: She wrote me a vicious letter.
A. helpful B. gently C. dangerous D. healthy
Câu 38: We are very grateful to Professor Humble for his generosity in donating this wonderful painting to the museum.
A. meanness 	B. sympathy 	C. gratitude 	D. churlishness
Câu 39: He didn’t seem in the least concerned for her safety.
A. indifferent 	B. ready 	C. passionate	D. stolen
Câu 40: Fruit and vegetables grew in abundance on the island. The islanders even exported the surplus.
A. sufficiency 	B. excess 	C. large quantity 	D. small quantity
Câu 41: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
A. attraction 	B. speculation 	C. ease 	D. consideration
Câu 42: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
A. restrain B. stay unchanged C. remain unstable D. fluctuate
Câu 43: In some countries, the disease burden could be prevented through environmental improvements.
A. something to stiffer 	B. something enjoyable
C. something sad 	D. something to entertain
Câu 44: In remote communities, it's important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in.
A. empty 	B. refill 	C. repeat 	D. remake
Câu 45: The consequences of the typhoon were disastrous due to the lack of precautionary measures.
A. physical 	B. severe 	C. beneficial 	D. damaging
Câu 46: Affluent families find it easier to support their children financially.
A. Wealthy	B. Well-off	 C. Privileged 	D. Impoverished
Câu 47: Synthetic products are made from chemicals or artificial substances.
A. natural 	B. made by machine 	C. man-made 	D. unusual
Câu 48: As an executive director of a big company, she is a woman of extraordinary intelligence.
A. moderate 	B. remarkable 	C. little 	D. sufficient
Câu 49: She was brought up in a well-off family. She can’t understand the problems we are facing.
A. poor 	B. wealthy 	C. kind 	D. broke
Câu 50: Doctors have been criticized for their indiscriminate use of antibiotics.
A. disciplined 	B. selective 	C. wholesale 	D. unconscious
Câu 51: Slavery was abolished in the US in the 19th century.
A. instituted 	B. eradicated 	C. eliminated	 D. required
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